The UN said the natural world was decounting and that inaction could undermine the goals of the Paris agreement on the climate crisis and sustainable development goals. The Convention has recognized for the first time in international law that the preservation of biodiversity is “a common concern of humanity” and is an integral part of the development process. The agreement applies to all ecosystems, species and genetic resources. It links traditional conservation efforts to the economic goal of sustainable exploitation of biological resources. It establishes the principles of a fair and equitable distribution of aspects arising from the use of genetic resources, particularly those for commercial exploitation.  In addition, it covers the rapidly growing biotechnology sector through the Cartagena Biosecurity Protocol, which addresses issues of technology development and transfer, benefit sharing and biosecurity. It is important that the convention be legally binding; Countries that join the contracting parties are required to implement their provisions. The 14th regular session of the Parties to the Convention was held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, from 17 to 29 November 2018.  The 2018 UN Conference on Biodiversity concluded on 29 November 2018 with a broad international agreement on reversing the global destruction of nature and the loss of biodiversity, which threaten all forms of life on Earth. The parties have adopted voluntary guidelines for the effective design and implementation of ecosystem approaches to adapting to climate change and reducing disaster risks.   Governments have also agreed to accelerate measures to achieve the Aichi biodiversity targets agreed in 2010 by 2020. Work to achieve these goals would take place at the global, regional, national and sub-national levels.
We know that working in an economic and financial system that brings little value to nature will make it difficult to achieve goals in countries of biodiversity and sustainable development. That is why it is wise to tackle minor aspects of the system, at least for now. At the same time, it is essential that the new biodiversity goals find synergies and avoid conflicts with the Paris climate agreement and the SDGs that did not exist ten years ago. These discussions are just as important to biodiversity as the Paris climate agreement and should be just as painful. Conservation groups support stricter and measurable goals. European countries lie somewhere between the United States – which has long refused to sign the Convention on Biological Diversity – and developing countries that will look at China in the battle around their corner. But China`s efforts to reach consensus have been repelled by the coronavirus that has shut down parts of the country. Is this agreement part of a long-term plan? Yes, yes. The United Nations has a comprehensive plan for humanity to live in harmony with nature by 2050. The 2030 targets cover five aspects of this objective: ensuring a net loss of the integrity and size of freshwater, sea and land ecosystems; Reducing the number of endangered species Improving genetic diversity Achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement; and harnessing the benefits of genetic resources and traditional knowledge. The convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and came into force on 29 December 1993.